The Dakar Agreement of 2000 was a pivotal moment in the history of African education. It was a joint commitment between African governments, UNESCO, and a variety of civil society organizations to achieve universal access to education and improve the quality of education on the continent. The agreement was named after the city of Dakar, Senegal, where it was signed at the World Education Forum.
The Dakar Agreement was a response to the education crisis that many African countries were facing. The crisis was characterized by high rates of illiteracy, low access to quality education, and inadequate resources for education. The agreement aimed to address these challenges by setting ambitious goals and targets for education development in Africa.
One of the key goals of the Dakar Agreement was to achieve universal primary education by 2015. This meant that every child in Africa should have access to free and compulsory primary education by 2015. The agreement also aimed to eliminate gender disparities in education and ensure that girls had equal access to education as boys.
Another goal of the Dakar Agreement was to improve the quality of education in Africa. This included providing teachers with better training and support, improving the curriculum to make it more relevant to African contexts, and ensuring that schools had adequate resources and infrastructure.
To achieve these goals, the Dakar Agreement called for increased investment in education. African governments committed to allocating at least 20% of their national budgets to education. International donors were also called upon to increase their support for education development in Africa.
The Dakar Agreement has had a significant impact on education development in Africa. Many countries have made progress towards achieving universal primary education, reducing gender disparities, and improving the quality of education. However, there is still much work to be done, especially in the areas of early childhood education, secondary education, and tertiary education.
As we approach the deadline for the Dakar Agreement in 2015, it is important to reflect on the progress that has been made and the challenges that still remain. The agreement has set a high standard for education development in Africa, and it is up to governments, civil society organizations, and international donors to continue working together to ensure that every child in Africa has access to quality education.